Every month the uterus lining gets thicker to prepare for a fertilized egg, if a woman gets pregnant. If the egg doesn’t get fertilized, the lining is released from the body as blood through the virgina. This monthly process is called menstruation. If the egg breaks apart, then the hormone levels drop, and the thickened lining is shed during the menstrual period, this occurs after the hormone levels drop at the end of the previous cycle, signalling blood and tissues lining the uterus to break down and shed from the body.
The menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of one period, to the first day of the next but doesn’t work for every woman,menstrual flow lasts 2 to 7 days for the first few years while menstrual cycles lasts from 21 to 35 days. A woman starts to discharge 6 months before her first period, she will keep getting it between periods. Sometimes it is normal for a girl to discharge, because it is a way of changing the level of hormones in the body and it helps to cleanse the virgina.
When a girl starts to see her period, it only lasts for a few days, the first few periods are always very light and only drops a few spots of reddish brown blood, which lasts for about 2/5 days. A woman stops seeing her period for reasons like, when she is pregnant or has reached her menopause (from 45 years upwards).
Common Period Symptoms
Sore and swollen breasts
It is common for women to experience cycles that last from 20- 40 days. Cycles longer than six weeks are considered unusual. The length of a woman’s menstrual cycle always changes throughout her life. Irregular periods are very common among adolescent women and women approaching their menopause.
One of the ovaries releases an egg (ovulation period) 14 days before the period starts. The first day of period when bleeding starts is counted as the first day of a woman’s cycle. If it is a 28 day cycle, ovulation comes between 10-15 days of a woman’s cycle.
Signs Of Ovulation
Cervical mucus changes
Heightened sense of smell
Swollen breasts or tenderness
Mild pelvic or lower abdominal pain
Changes in the cervix
Ovulation cycle lasts for about 24 hours every month. Once an egg is released from an ovary, it dissolves within 12-24 hours, if not fertilized. But if fertilization does not occur, the egg and uterine lining will shed. Having sexual intercourse before, during and after ovulation, there are higher chances of getting pregnant. Ovulation is always watery and helps the virgina wet and lubricated. During this period, the fertile mucus are always very slippery and stretchy.