Ear infection is a type of infection that affects the ear canal, the eardrum or the middle ear. Ear injuries are usually caused by pressure change, during direct injuries. Ear discharge, drainage, or blood is a sign of a bigger complication, such as a ruptured eardrum, which needs immediate medical attention.
An ear infection occurs when one of your eustachian tubes becomes swollen or blocked, causing fluid to build up in your middle ear. The bacteria or viral infection of the fluid, is what produces the symptoms of an ear infection, and are mostly common in kids Eustachian tubes are small tubes that run from each ear directly to the back of the throat. The causes of eustachian tube blockage includes:
Causes Of Ear Infection
- Sinus infection
- Excess mucus
- swollen adenoids
- changes in air pressure
Symptoms Of Ear Infection
Fullness in the ear
Ringing in the ear
Difficulty in sleeping
Drainage of fluid from the ear
Headache and loss of appetite
Group child care
Poor air quality
Complications Of Ear infection
Speech or development delays
Spread of infection
Tearing of the ear drum
- Quitting smoking is an important step in preventing upper respiratory and ear infections. Smoking damages the delicate tissues in this part of the body, as well as decreases the effectiveness of the body’s immune system, and generates inflammation.
- The outer ear should be properly cleaned and dried after swimming or bathing, using a clean towel either by towel drying or towel blotting, or use earplugs to avoid water getting into the ears.
- Do not use cotton swabs or other objects to clean the ears, because they can injure the ear canal and eardrum, leading to an infection.
- Washing the hands regularly, can help prevent the spread of the germs, that causes ear infections.To prevent ear infections, its advisable that one should avoid putting fingers in or near the ears.
- People with allergies should avoid their allergy triggers as much as possible to reduce the inflammation and mucus buildup which could contribute to an ear infection. Treating both seasonal allergies and skin conditions are very necessary steps in preventing ear infections.
- Ear drops: Ear drops that may help with an ear infection can be purchased or they can be made at home. Non-prescription ear drops may be helpful in treating mild cases of swimmer’s ear. Ear drops can be made at home or purchased over the counter. Ear drops should not be used in an ear that has any form of discharge coming from it unless, it is prescribed by a doctor.
- A simple home blend can be made, by making a mixture of half rubbing alcohol and half white vinegar. Using a few drops into the ears can help dry out the ear canal and support the healing process. These drops should also not be used in people who have ear tubes, permanent injuries in their eardrum or certain ear surgeries.
- Compress: A warm compress can also help relieve the pressure building up in the ear. Using a compress for 20 minutes while resting, can help reduce pain. This can be done along with other pain relieves, including over the counter medications.
- Garlic: This can help relieve you of ear pain, just put a few drops of garlic oil on a cotton ball or take a peeled clove of garlic, and gently place it in the opening of the ear.