Cigarette Smoking, affects every stage of the reproductive process, including the egg and sperm maturation, hormone production, embryo transport and the environment in the uterus. Women who smoke or are exposed to other people’s smoke, have an increased risk of infertility and are more likely to take long to get pregnant. in fact, inhaling someone else’s smoke is slightly less harmful to fertility than active smoking.
Pregnant women who smoke, find it more difficult to quit, if they have a partner who smokes. It is easier for people to quit smoking, if done with their partners. Deciding to quit together is a great way to increase a woman’s fertility and chances of having a healthy baby. Smoking during pregnancy, increases the risk of pregnancy complications, low birth weight and birth defects.
Exposure to cigarette smoking during pregnancy, has a negative impact on the development of a female foetus ovaries. Smoking increases a woman’s chance of experiencing a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. The risk of miscarriage increases with the amount smoked. Women who smoke reach menopause two years earlier than non smokers. Women who are exposed to secondhand smoke are prone reach menopause a year earlier than they are supposed to.
Quitting smoking, improves natural fertility and effects of smoking can be reversed within a year of quitting. Women who quits smoking before conception or within the first three months of pregnancy reduces the risk of their babies being born prematurely.