All you Should Know About Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease of the large intestine also known as colon, in which the lining of the colon becomes inflamed and develops small sores, which produces mucus. This can cause a lot of discomfort and frequent emptying of the colon. It sometimes leads to life threatening complications. Ulcerative colitis is a result to an abnormal response to the immune system. The proteins that make up the immune system protects the body from infection. It also mistakes food, bacteria or other materials in the intestine as invading substances which makes the body send blood to the cells into the lining of the intestines, where they eventually produce inflammation and ulcerations.

                        Symptoms of ulcerative colitis

Diarrhea with blood

Abdominal pain

Rectal pain/ bleeding

Urgency to defecate

Weight loss

Fatigue

Fever lasting more than a day or two

                          Types of ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative proctitis

Proctosigmoiditis

Left sided colitis

Pancolitis

 

                                   Risk Factors

Age

Race ethnicity

Family history

                                     Diagnosis

Blood test

Stool Sample

Xray

Scans

                                    Treatment

Anti inflammatory drugs

Immune system supressors

Pain relievers

Anti diarrhea meications

Antibiotics

Surgery

 

                                      Home Remedies

Limit dairy products

Limit foods that are high in fibre

Avoid spicy foods, alcohol and caffeine

Eat in lttle quantity

Drink alot of water

Talk to a dietician

 

Ulcerative colitis can also cause conditions like:

Joint pain

Joint swelling

Nausea and decreased appetite

Skin problems

Mouth sores

Eye inflammation