All You Need To Know About Having A Healthy Kidney

The kidneys are bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They are located just below the rib cage, one on each side of the spine. Every day, the two kidneys filter about 120 to 150 quarts of blood to produce about 1 to 2 quarts of urine, composed of wastes and extra fluid. The right kidney is slightly lower than the left kidney because of the large size of the right lobe of the liver.

Kidneys are part of the excretory system. This system is associated with excretion of metabolic waste products and formation and excretion of urine. Other organs of the system are ureters, urinary bladder and urethra. Liver is a part of the digestive system. The kidneys helps in removing waste products from the blood and regulates the water fluid levels and it receives blood through the renal artery. The diagram below shows the basic structure of the kidney.

 

                      Functions Of The Kidney

  • The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organs.
  • Regulation of osmolarity.
  • Regulation of ion concentrations.
  • Regulation of pH.
  • Excretion of wastes and toxins.
  • Production of hormones.

 

People may be born with just one kidney, or removed after injury or for a donation. In general, people with one kidney have few or no health problems but require dialysis and have a normal life expectancy.

 

                    Secrets to a healthy kidney 

  1. Hydrate, but don’t overdo it.
  2. Eat healthy foods.
  3. Exercise regularly.
  4. Use caution with supplements and herbal remedies.
  5. Quit smoking.
  6. Don’t overdo it when taking over-the-counter medications.
  7. If you’re at risk, get regular kidney function screening.

 

Kidney stones:These are stones made from hard minerals and acid salts that collected in the kidneys usually formed by concentrated urine. The minerals in the urine crystallize and stick together. They are very painful and usually don’t cause any damage to the body.

Kidney infections are usually caused by bacteria that enter the urethra into the bladder and make their way to the kidneys. If a kidney infection is not treated, it can cause permanent kidney damage.

 

           Symptoms Of Kidney Failure

  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Fatigue and weakness.
  • Sleep problems.
  • Changes in how much you urinate.
  • Decreased mental sharpness.
  • Muscle twitches and cramps.

Living a healthy lifestyle can helps prevent diabetes, high blood pressure and kidney disease. It also keeps them under control. Follow a low-salt and low-fat diet. Exercise at least 30 minutes on most days of the week. Here are a few steps to take after having a kidney surgery:

  • Carefully cook meats, poultry, and eggs.
  • Store leftovers in the refrigerator immediately after eating.
  • Drink only pasteurized milk or fruit juice.
  • Avoid uncooked shellfish or raw fish.
  • milk or fruit juice.
  • Avoid uncooked shellfish or raw fish.
To have a healthy kidney limit the amount of alcohol you drink. Drinking large amounts of alcohol can cause kidney damage. If you choose to drink alcohol, keep it to less than 1 alcoholic drink a day if you’re a women and less than 2 alcoholic drinks a day if you’re a man.